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Grant H. Garcia, MD

Grant H. Garcia, MD Orthopedic Surgeon & Sports Medicine Specialist View Profile

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Grant H. Garcia, MD

Grant H. Garcia, MD Orthopedic Surgeon & Sports Medicine Specialist View Doctor Profile

Limb Alignment

High tibial osteotomy to neutral alignment improves medial knee articular cartilage composition

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to: (1) test the hypothesis that HTO improves articular cartilage composition in the medial compartment without adversely affecting the lateral compartment and patella, and; (2) explore associations between knee alignment and cartilage composition after surgery.

Factors Associated With Distal Femoral Osteotomy Survivorship: Data From the California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development (OSHPD) Registry

Background: Malalignment of the lower extremity can lead to early functional impairment and degenerative changes. Distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) can be performed with arthroscopic surgery to correct lower extremity malalignment while addressing intra-articular abnormalities or to help patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) changes due to alignment deformities.

Good long-term survival and patient-reported outcomes after high tibial osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis

Abstract: The lateral closing and medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy can correct a varus malalignment of the knee caused by medial compartment osteoarthritis. These procedures have produced great short-term and mid-term results.

Ten-year survival rate of 89% after distal femoral osteotomy surgery for lateral compartment osteoarthritis of the knee.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy, safety, and survival of distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) surgery for lateral compartment OA of the knee.

Opening wedge high tibial osteotomy allows better outcomes than unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients expecting to return to impact sports

Purpose: Prior studies have compared unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) with high tibial osteotomy (HTO) suggesting that both procedures had good functional outcomes. But none had established the superiority of one of the two procedures for patients with high expectation including return to impact sport. The aim of this study was to compare functional outcomes and ability to return to impact sport of active patients defined with a pre-arthritis University of California and Los Angeles activity (UCLA) score > 8, after UKA or HTO procedures.

Return to Sport and Outcomes After Concomitant Lateral Meniscal Allograft Transplant and Distal Femoral Varus Osteotomy

Purpose: To evaluate the time and rate of return to sport (RTS), as well as outcomes, in young and active patients receiving concomitant lateral meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) and distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFVO) for lateral meniscal deficiency and valgus malalignment

Ultrasound Assessment of the Superior Capsular Reconstruction With Dermal Allograft: An Evaluation of Graft Thickness and Vascularity

Purpose: To assess postoperative changes in the thickness of the dermal allograft of the superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) and to evaluate the graft for the presence of intrasubstance pulsatile vessels

Survival and Risk factor analysis of Medial Open Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy for Unicompartment Knee Osteoarthritis.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the survival rates and analyze the factors that affect survival rate after primary treatment with medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) for medial unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis.

Return to Work and Sport After Proximal Tibial Osteotomy and the Effects of Opening Versus Closing Wedge Techniques on Adverse Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND: Although many studies have reported successful functional outcomes after proximal tibial osteotomy (PTO), a paucity of literature has sought to quantify outcomes and current rates of return to sport (RTS) and return to work (RTW) after PTO.

Prognostic Factors for Return to Sport After High Tibial Osteotomy

Background: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is increasingly used in young and physically active patients with knee osteoarthritis. These patients have high expectations, including return to sport (RTS). By retaining native knee structures, a return to highly knee-demanding activities seems possible. However, evidence on patient-related outcomes, including RTS, is sparse. Also, time to RTS has never been described. Furthermore, prognostic factors for RTS after HTO have never been investigated. These data may further justify HTO as a surgical alternative to knee arthroplasty.

Cartilage survival of the knee strongly depends on malalignment: a survival analysis from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI).

PURPOSE: Progression of osteoarthritis over time is poorly understood. The aim of the current study was to establish a timeline of "cartilage survival rate" per subregion of the knee in relation to mechanical alignment of the lower extremity. The study hypothesized that there are differences in progression of osteoarthritis between varus, valgus and physiologic lower extremity alignment.

Long-term survival is similar between closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in patients with similar demographics.

PURPOSE: Long-term clinical and radiographic results and survival rates were compared between closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTOs) and fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in patients with similar demographics.