The Clinical Evidence Behind Biologic Therapies Promoted at Annual Orthopaedic Meetings: A Systematic Review
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to systematically evaluate the available clinical data for biologic therapies pro- moted for articular cartilage defects and osteoarthritis of the knee at the 2016 American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine Meeting (AOSSM) and the 2017 Arthroscopy Association of North America meeting (AANA).
Injective mesenchymal stem cell-based treatments for knee osteoarthritis: from mechanisms of action to current clinical evidences.
Purpose: Osteoarthritis (OA) represents a relevant social and economic burden worldwide. "Mesenchymal stem cells" or, as recently proposed, "medicinal signaling cells" (MSCs) have been recently introduced as injective treatments for OA with the aim of restoring joint homeostasis. The aim of this review is to provide the reader with the tools necessary to interpret the currently available clinical data, focusing on the MSC mechanisms of action which might help to clarify what we should expect from this treatment.
Comparative Matched-Pair Analysis of Open-Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy With Versus Without an Injection of Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Varus Knee Osteoarthritis: Clinical and Second-Look Arthroscopic Results.
Background: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is reported to be an effective treatment for varus knee osteoarthritis (OA) by redistributing the load line within the knee joint. The cell-based tissue engineering approach using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has addressed the issue of articular cartilage repair in knee OA.
Defining Platelet-Rich Plasma Usage by Team Physicians in Elite Athletes.
Background: The indications for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are vaguely defined despite the frequency of its use as a treatment for athletes. While select studies have advocated for its efficacy, the majority of orthopaedic research conducted on the topic has been equivocal.
The Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Tendon and Ligament Healing: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis With Bias Assessment.
Background: There has been a surge in high-level studies investigating platelet-rich plasma (PRP) for tendon and ligament injuries. A number of meta-analyses have been published, but few studies have focused exclusively on tendon and ligament injuries.